Mexico Legaliza Marihuana 2020

By 17 noviembre, 2022 No Comments

Mexico approved the medical use of marijuana in 2017 and began preparing a recreational law since 2019 on behalf of the Supreme Court, which has said since 2015 that it is unconstitutional to ban its use and protects those who have appealed. For this reason, the Supreme Court has asked Parliament to legislate on this issue. On March 10, the lower house of the Mexican Congress passed without too much difficulty a bill to legalize the recreational use of cannabis. The bill was sent to the Senate, where it passed. «It`s a law for the rich, and marijuana is for everyone,» said Ivania Medina Rodriguez, 18, a local activist. «They do business before the law.» However, in its final version, the bill is expected to be approved by the Senate before being sent to President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who has signaled his support for legalization. The country`s Supreme Court (SCJN) has taken a step in favor of the personal use of marijuana. Three out of five judges in the court`s first chamber decided Wednesday©to invalidate part of Article 478 of the General Health Law, which only allowed possession of less than 5 grams of marijuana for personal consumption. The Public Prosecutor`s Office may not institute criminal proceedings for the offence provided for in the preceding article (simple possession) against drug addicts or users possessing any of the narcotics listed in ±the table, which are equal to or less than the strict personal use referred to in article ±. The part declared unconstitutional, only for cannabis, refers to: «in an amount equal to or less than that provided for therein.» While the decision only benefits those who have promoted the Amparo at present, it leaves a precedent to avoid punishing consumers.

The 2009 regulation penalizes up to ± up to three years Cárcel an amount higher than this amount. The legalization of marihuna is still pending in Mexico and indicates that no consensus has been reached on consumption and marketing until 2022. The first thing to consider is that so far, only the medical and scientific use of marijuana is allowed, although in 2019, the country`s Supreme Court (SCJN) ordered Congress to approve a recreational marijuana ordinance. Marijuana plants grew last year in a camp of pro-legalization protesters outside the Senate building in Mexico City. Fernando Llano/Associated Press This bloody story is the main motivation for cannabis legalization in Mexico. Ultimately, this is a small but significant step toward reducing the war on drugs. Mexican law would allow individual consumers to carry up to 28 grams of marijuana and grow six cannabis plants at home. Cannabis could also be purchased by people over the age of 18 at licensed businesses and grown on a larger scale by licensed groups. Medical marijuana, which Mexico legalized in 2017, would be regulated separately by the Department of Health, which issued rules for growing and researching medical cannabis in January. Mexican lawmakers on Wednesday passed a bill to legalize recreational marijuana, a milestone for the country that is at war with drugs and could become the world`s largest cannabis market, leaving the U.S.

between two neighboring marijuana sellers. In June 2021, the full court eliminated the sections of the General Health Law that absolutely prohibited cannabis use, but this general statement only obliges the Ministry of Health to grant permits to interested parties and had no impact on the field of criminal law or the protection of those who do not have such licenses. The recreational use of marijuana has long been one of the rights demanded by collectives across the country. At the time, the President of the Supreme Court, Arturo Zaldãvar, described the consolidation of free personal development in the recreational use of cannabis as a historic day for freedoms. Disguised as a giant cannabis leaf, Medina participated in a protest last year that began at the small marijuana plantation outside the Senate offices in Mexico City, where residents now regularly come to smoke and even sell weed while police turn a blind eye. So far, Mexico has only considered the medical use of marijuana, while recreational use has been limited to those who have filed a court order. The measure, passed Wednesday night, would allow users to smoke marijuana and, with a permit, grow a small number of cannabis plants at home. It would also allow producers – from smallholder farmers to commercial producers – to grow and sell the crop. Supporters of marijuana legalization argue the bill is too limited, even though it represents a symbolic breakthrough in efforts to end a war on drugs that has claimed the lives of more than 150,000 people, according to the Council on Foreign Relations. On December 13, 2016, under pressure from producers and sellers of so-called medical marijuana or medical cannabis, the Senate approved the prescription of certain marijuana derivatives[16] without waiting for the approval of the Chamber of Deputies.

[17] Mexico`s Supreme©Court has declared unconstitutional certain sections that prevent the consumption, acquisition of seeds, and cultivation and distribution of marijuana. Eight ministers, including a qualified majority, voted in favour of the draft and three against. These prohibitive sections had already been declared unconstitutional in their time, so Congress had an obligation to remove or amend them, but it did not, even though it had three prerogatives to do so. For this reason, a general declaration of unconstitutionality was used, a figure that was only used on one previous occasion. The Chief Justice called the consolidation of the free development of personality in the recreational use of cannabis «historic for freedoms.» Legalization «is an important step toward establishing peace in a country like ours, where we have been mired in an absurd war for at least a decade,» said Lucía Riojas Martínez, a Mexican lawmaker who made headlines in 2019 when she gave a joint marijuana to the country`s interior minister. Olga Sánchez Cordero, after a speech to Congress. However, López Obrador`s approaches to cannabis were ambiguous and unpredictable. During his long political career, he has often declared his willingness to «debate» drug legalization, but has never explicitly committed to advancing it. The cannabis legalization initiative puts an end to this type of incarceration.

However, as MEPs Laura Rojas and Lucía Riojas noted in their criticism of the draft, it also contains several provisions that undermine its stated objective of protecting both vulnerable consumers and small producers. Lawmakers have passed a bill to legalize recreational cannabis, a controversial proposal in a country marked by a deadly war on drugs. «Today is a historic day for freedoms. After a long road, this Supreme Court consolidates the right to free development of personality for the recreational and recreational use of marijuana,» Supreme Court President Arturo Zaldívar said after the vote. However, in February 2020, when the initiative was already being discussed in Congress, he said he would only support the medical, non-recreational use of cannabis. Since the effects of the Amparo lawsuit essentially affected only the plaintiffs, only SMART members could produce marijuana or possess more than 5 grams of the drug in their homes. However, the decision has led to a wave of similar amparo lawsuits, with federal courts repeatedly siding with the plaintiffs. With more than 120 million inhabitants, Mexico is said to be the largest marijuana market in the world in terms of population. The harvest could become a big deal in Mexico, a potential financial boost for an economy hit hard by the coronavirus crisis. «There is an interdisciplinary team that deals with everything related to the possibility of allowing the use of non-destructive or mild drugs, as is the case with marijuana, but we have not reached an agreement, there is no consensus within the government. There is no consensus because there is still a lot of damage,» he acknowledged.