Medical Definition of Chronic Alcoholism

By 17 noviembre, 2022 No Comments

See a doctor or call 911 or your local emergency number immediately if you or someone you know has a drinking problem and develops severe confusion, seizures or bleeding. Note: People with severe AUD may need medical attention to avoid alcohol withdrawal if they decide to stop drinking. Alcohol withdrawal is a life-threatening process that can occur when a person who has been drinking heavily for an extended period of time suddenly stops drinking. Doctors may prescribe medications to treat these symptoms and make the process safer and less stressful. Your treatment environment depends on your stage of recovery and the severity of your condition. You may need inpatient (hospital) medical care, inpatient rehabilitation (rehabilitation), intensive outpatient therapy or outpatient care. Alcoholism is a chronic and progressive behavioural disorder characterized by a strong urge to consume ethanol and the inability to limit alcohol consumption despite adverse consequences, including social or occupational impairment and deteriorating physical health. The disorder includes both physical dependence (withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, sweating, tremors and delirium as a result of abstinence) and tolerance (the need to increase alcohol consumption to achieve the desired effect). Excessive alcohol consumption can occur daily or during binge eating, separated by intervals of sobriety ranging from a few days to several months. About 30% of adults in the United States drink in excess at least occasionally, and 3-5% of women and 10% of men have chronic problems with excessive drinking. In about 40% of people who habitually abuse alcohol, a tendency to consume inappropriately before the age of 20 is evident. Alcoholism is often accompanied by addiction to nicotine and other drugs, anxiety, depression and an antisocial personality. It tends to work in families, but personal history and environmental factors are apparently at least as important as genetic predisposition.

Typical behavioral traits of alcoholism include solitary drinking, morning drinking, lying about the extent of alcohol consumption, and maintaining a secret supply of alcohol. Alcoholism costs the United States about $200 billion a year. Chronic alcoholism reduces life expectancy by about 15 years. It is associated with an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, stroke, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis, gastritis, pancreatitis, syncope, amnesia and personality change. Since ethanol is a rich source of non-nutritive calories, excessive alcohol consumption often leads to malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. Degenerative diseases of the central nervous system associated with alcoholism include Wernicke`s encephalopathy (due to thiamine deficiency) and Korsakoff`s psychosis. Alcoholics are more likely than non-alcoholics to be involved in car accidents (more than 25% of all road deaths are alcohol-related) and to commit violent crimes, including domestic and child violence and murder. A child born to an alcoholic mother may suffer from the stigma of fetal alcohol syndrome, which is characterized by low birth weight, facial dysmorphism, heart abnormalities and mental retardation. Treatment of alcoholism requires intensive counseling of the patient and his family. Cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, group therapy, and support groups are all of proven value. The administration of benzodiazepines during withdrawal and the use of topiramate or naltrexone to maintain abstinence are often effective.

Disulfiram, taken regularly, can reduce the risk of relapse by causing severe discomfort and nausea when drinking alcohol. Detoxification programs to treat acute alcohol poisoning include withdrawal from all alcohol consumption and the provision of nutritional, pharmacological and psychological support. For years, alcohol has been heavily marketed as a necessary ingredient in social situations and to have a good time. However, chronic alcohol use can have several negative effects on almost every aspect of a person`s life. The American Medical Association (AMA) defines chronic alcoholism as «a primary chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial and environmental factors that influence its development and manifestations.» Drinking alcohol in moderation is not a problem for most people. However, many people cannot drink in moderation, and alcohol consumption is becoming a problem that affects many aspects of their lives. Many factors lead to chronic alcoholism. It is a disorder and not a character defect or personal failure. At Casa Palmera, we believe in showing empathy, compassion and respect for each of our patients.

We look deeper and look beyond the medical components of substance use and mood disorders. We treat the whole person and help them to accompany them in a complete physical, mental and emotional recovery. Casa Palmera offers complementary therapies alongside the best evidence-based medicine for a comprehensive and holistic treatment experience. If you`re ready to start an alcohol-free life, call Casa Palmera at (855) 508-0473. It is possible to overcome alcoholism and live a healthier, happier life. There is no cure for alcoholism, but effective treatment is available. Specific behavioral therapies and medications have been shown to treat alcoholism. Mutual support groups and complementary therapies are also options. Treatment is offered at different levels of care, from inpatient detoxification to outpatient therapy. An excellent resource, first of all, is a person`s family doctor.

They can be a treasure trove of information about treatment options and provide referrals for care if a person is willing to seek help. Alcohol use disorder (which involves a level sometimes called alcoholism) is a pattern of alcohol use that involves having trouble controlling your drinking, consuming alcohol, continuing to drink alcohol even though it causes problems drinking more to get the same effect, or experiencing withdrawal symptoms if you lose weight quickly or stop drinking. Nursing Central combines Taber`s with a medical dictionary, disease manual, laboratory guide and useful tools. Q. Alcoholism I am 17 years old and I like to drink alcohol. I go party and drink with my friends every night.